Tobacco is a kind of herbaceous plant from the nightshade family, it is a thermophilic species and therefore the first period of production takes place in artificial conditions that require maintaining the appropriate temperature, humidity and chemical protection. Tobacco growing is very labor intensive, and it has changed over the years. Today, using new technologies, growing tobacco is certainly easier, but still very demanding.
Noble tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is the most commonly grown in Poland. This plant is of great importance in Polish agriculture, currently we produce about 32000 tons of raw tobacco per year and we are in the top ten tobacco producers in Europe. Polish tobacco is characterized by a high level of sugar and a relatively low content of nicotine, which makes it an ideal product for a water pipe.
Tobacco is grown in over 100 countries around the world. The most important producers are: Brazil, China, India, Malawi, USA, Turkey and Zimbabwe. Poland is the northernmost area of tobacco growing. Plantations are located mainly in the south-eastern region and in the Grudziądz district. Because the growing season in Poland is very short and tobacco is a thermophilic plant, the basis of crops are less demanding Burley and Virginia tobaccos.
TOBACCO CULTIVATION PROCESS
In the cultivation of tobacco, the first and very important stage is the production of seedlings. Tobacco is a plant with a long growing season, it also has high thermal requirements, which is why the first stage takes place under artificial conditions. Proper care of plants in the first stage, determines the correct growth of the plant in field conditions. In modern farms, tobacco seeding is assumed in hydroponics. Hydroponics is the cultivation of tobacco on water with the addition of nutrients. In such cultivation, the roots of the plant have direct contact with water and nutrients, and do not grow too much.
In the cultivation of hydroponic tobacco, tobacco is planted on styrofoam trays. These holes are filled with a peat substrate and then seeds fall into them. In order for this process to take place, the need for a specialist seed drill. This seed drill must be monotonously filled with soil, sprinkled with seeds and put into trays in trays. Then the trays are laid on the Euro pallets to a certain height and wrapped with a stretcher. When the right amount of trays is sown, place them in the basins. Water for such pools should be poured the day before, so that chlorine can escape. Then, its pH and salinity are tested. When the pH is neutral or a little alkaline, the water is ready to receive trays.
HARVEST AND DRYING
The collection of tobacco leaves is a very important stage in the production of raw tobacco, which is carried out as they mature. The picking process should be carried out when the leaves are fully ripe.
Drying the leaves takes place in specialist container dryers and is designed to drain the water from the leaves. The drying process takes 5-7 days and consists of the following stages:
- Leaf yellowing – means complete removal of chlorophyll from leaves;
- Drying tobacco leaves – this process involves a gradual increase in temperature every 5˚C and lasts about 50 hours;
- Drying leaf nerves – in this phase the temperature drops below 38˚C;
- Sorting and storing tobacco leaves – dried leaves, after being removed from the dryer,
must be stored in appropriate, designated only and exclusively for storage and sorting of
OUR LEAVES OF TOBACCO
We offer our customers a Virginia quality tobacco leaves of consistently high quality. Many years of experience in cultivation and drying allow us to maintain the unchanged highest standard. Our tobacco has a bright lemon color, a high sugar content of 25-30% and a low level of nicotine 0.8-1.5% is desired by tobacco manufacturers for water pipes, moreover our other species are highly desirable as tobacco for the cigarette industry.
Lukowa Tobacco offers the following products:
- whole leaves (Loose leaf);
- leaves with cut-offs (Butted loose leaf);
- mechanically stringed leaves (Threshed)
Tobacco packed in C-48 cartons weighing about 200kg and he is stored in appropriate and monitored tobacco warehouses.